HIE Birth Injury: Oregon Birth Injury Lawyers Explain Hypoxic Ischemic Encephalopathy

Learn about HIE Birth Injury from our Oregon Birth Injury Lawyers


Hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy is a very serious type of Oregon birth injury.  Our Oregon birth injury lawyers know just how devastating this type of catastrophic medical malpractice injury can be for an innocent child.  Also known as HIE, hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy results from an oxygen deficiency caused by a lack of oxygenated blood flow.  This results in a brain injury.  The brain injury is usually in the form of lesions, or pockets of damage to the brain.  The type of disability caused by HIE depends on the location of the lesions.  This could result in very serious medical conditions cause as cerebral palsy, or it could even result in the wrongful death of the baby. 


Newborns who suffer from HIE may face a lifetime of challenges.  While some cases of HIE may have mild consequences, other instances of HIE could result in severe limitations and catastrophic disability.  Some of the most common personal injuries due to a HIE birth injury include the following:


  • Cerebral palsy;
  • Developmental disabilities;
  • Learning disabilities;
  • Speech delays and difficulties;
  • Epilepsy and seizure disorders;
  • Speech complications and delays;
  • Behavioral and emotional disorders;
  • Vision loss or vision limitations;
  • Hearing loss or hearing limitations;
  • Orthopedic issues, including muscle issues (hypotonia or lack of muscle body, or hypertonia or intense, rigid muscle development);
  • Respiratory conditions;
  • Risk of fetal stroke;
  • Brain bleeds and brain hemorrhages; and
  • Other serious disability.

Challenges from a HIE Birth Injury


There are numerous challenges that could result from a HIE birth injury due to Oregon medical malpractice.  These are challenges that our Oregon birth injury lawyers know could take a physical, emotional, and financial toll on a family.  In fact, many of the challenges could have life-long repercussions which could permanently affect how a family functions.  Some of the most common challenges from a HIE birth injury include the following:


Cerebral Palsy – This is a disorder or group of disorders which affects movement either voluntarily or involuntarily.  Cerebral palsy, or CP, is caused by damage to the developing brain.  The damage is usually focused on the basil ganglia and cerebellum.  The type and extent of CP depends on the exact location of the lesions, amount of lesions, and what other related structures may also be damaged.  CP can be mild to severe, with individuals who have mild CP living almost normal lives.  Whereas individuals with severe CP could face significant disability and challenges, particularly caring for themselves, holding any type of job, or being able to otherwise function with around the clock care and assistance.  Any child that is diagnosed with CP should have his or her medical record reviewed by Oregon birth injury lawyers to determine whether a negligent healthcare provider caused the injury.


Nutrition – The honest truth is nutrition is complicated for many able-adults.  But when an individual has suffered any type of HIE birth injury, nutrition could be incredibly difficult.  Some babies could have significant trouble at birth latching on for breastfeeding or otherwise accepting a bottle.  Other times conditions like cerebral palsy cause involuntary movement which cannot be controlled.  This causes constant calorie expenditure which means individuals with CP have to continuously replace their spent calories to avoid dropping to an unhealthy weight or causing organ damage.  In addition, some individuals may have developmental disabilities which cause them to forget to eat or to not have a desire to eat, whereas other individuals may have a desire to overeat or an obsession to eat.  Nutrition is one of the most common challenges after a HIE birth injury, even for mild HIE injuries.


Daily Hygiene and Activities – Individuals suffering from HIE birth injuries may have great difficult performing daily hygiene and other common activities.  This is particularly challenging for children who are learning how to do things for the first time and have a significant disability to make processes more difficult.  For instance, some individuals may have major motor function problems like walking but could perform fine motor tasks like typing.  Whereas other individuals have no problem walking or running but cannot perform fine motor tasks like buttoning a shirt or feeding himself or herself.  Many times individuals suffering from a HIE birth injury could also suffer restrictions to their range of motion.  These translate directly into daily and customary activities such as bathing, feeding oneself, using the restroom, and other routine activities.  Thus, some individuals suffering from HIE must have daily assistance to function.


Vision or Hearing Impairments – Since HIE causes damage to the brain, the two most important senses that are affected by brain lesions include vision or hearing impairments.  Newborns with severe instances of HIE may need assistance with their vision or hearing.  This could be corrective surgery or treatment which is necessary to repair damage.  But it could also be the use of other devices to help a child see or hear.  This type of disability is usually devastating for a family because not only does the child need to develop and learn everything without one or both of these senses, but a family must also learn how to communicate and teach without one or both of these senses.


Any HIE Birth Injury Could be Reviewed by our Oregon Birth Injury Lawyers


The trick with any type of Oregon medical malpractice case is that most victims do not know they are victims at all.  Many times a doctor or healthcare provider will tell a victim that it was a natural risk, or a risk that was inherent to the procedure.  Other times a provider will tell a family that it was an unavoidable consequence or natural consequence that unfortunately happens.  While this may be true sometimes, it is unfortunately not always the case.  In fact, many healthcare providers will actually lie about their mistakes to cover their potential medical malpractice errors.


This is why any instance of a HIE birth injury could be reviewed FOR FREE by our law firm.  If you or a loved one have been seriously injured or killed as a result of medical malpractice contact the Oregon Medical Malpractice Lawyers at Kuhlman Law at our number below or fill out the intake form.  We offer a free initial case evaluation and handle cases on a contingency fee which means that you pay no money unless we recover. 


Our law firm handles cases throughout the state including Bend and Portland Oregon, Redmond, Central Oregon, Sisters, Madras, Multnomah County, Deschutes County, Salem, Eugene, Corvallis, Lane County, Medford, Gresham, La Grande, Albany, Medford, Beaverton, Umatilla, Pendleton,  Cottage Grove, Florence, Oregon City, Springfield, Keizer, Grants Pass, McMinnville, Tualatin, West Linn, Forest Grove, Wilsonville, Newberg, Roseburg, Lake Oswego, Klamath Falls, Happy Valley, Tigard, Ashland, Milwakie, Coos Bay, The Dalles,  St. Helens, Sherwood, Central Point, Canby, Troutdale, Hermiston, Silverton, Hood River, Newport, Prineville, Astoria, Tillamook, Lincoln City, Hillsboro, and Vancouver, Washington.  


We also have an office in Minneapolis, Minnesota and take medical malpractice cases throughout the Twin Cities, including St. Paul, Hennepin County, Ramsey County, Dakota County, Washington County, Anoka County, Scott County, Blaine, Stillwater, and Saint Paul Minnesota.  


Please act quickly, there is a limited time (Statute of Limitations) in which you can bring a claim under the law.

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