Types of Bariatric Surgeries and Their Risks: Minnesota Medical Malpractice Lawyer Explains

Types of Bariatric Surgeries and Their Risks Which Could be Minnesota Medical Malpractice


Bariatric surgery is a general label for weight-loss surgery.  The purpose is to help a patient lose weight and lower the risk of other serious medical problems or complications due to obesity.  There are two main ways that bariatric surgery can do this.  One way is through restriction, which is limiting the amount of food that can fit into the stomach.  Another way is through malabsorption, which is shortening or bypassing the part of the small intestine which absorbs calories.


Since there are several ways to achieve these results, there are different risks and complications with each method.  Some risks and complications may be normal with any surgery, but other risks and complications can be the result of medical malpractice.  Even though most bariatric surgeries are elective, meaning they are voluntarily chosen by the patient in a non-emergency situation, victims may still be able to recover compensation for medical errors.

The types of bariatric surgeries and their risks include the following:


Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass


This method is where a surgeon creates a small pocket or pouch at the top of the stomach to receive food.  Because this is the only spot of the stomach which receives the food, it will greatly limit the amount of food a person can ingest within a certain amount of time.  The small intestine is then cut near the bottom part of the stomach and is connected to this new, top part of the stomach.  This means that food will go directly from the new, top pouch and into the intestine.  The intestine is then rerouted further done thus shortening the length of time the food and calories cane absorbed in the stomach.


The risks and complications of this type of surgery are clear.  These internal incisions create the opportunity for infections or significant abdominal swelling.  There is also the risk of a leak meaning digestive juices and food particles may leak into the abdominal cavity and result in a serious medical emergency.


Laparoscopic Adjustable Gastric Banding


This method is where a band and inflatable ballon are placed around the upper part of the stomach and affixed in place.  This creates a smaller pouch with a narrow opening to the stomach.  The ballon can be inflated or deflated to adjust the size of the band and therefore allow a patient to be able to hold more or less food.  This makes you feel fuller faster, and limits the amount of calories consumed.


This method is most safe and it is reversible.  However, if the band is placed improperly or if the small opening to the stomach is completely blocked there could be a catastrophic failure and complication if there is a blockage.  This can result in a rupture or part of the stomach dying.  If the band is also placed over sensitive structures like blood vessels, part or all of the stomach can actually be killed.


Sleeve Gastrectomy 


This method is where part of the stomach is cut out and the remaining portion is re-formed into a tube-like structure.  This smaller pouch cannot hold as much food and it also limits the release of a hormone might creates your desire to eat.


Again, the risks and complications of this method are like the risks of the Roux-en-Y gastric bypass in that infections and leaks are very dangerous.  This method is also irreversible and it can be damaging when improperly done.


Victims of Botched Gastric Bypass Surgeries Should Call Kuhlman Law, LLC


Gastric bypass surgeries can be quite successful for patients and many have excellent results.  However, some do have disastrous results which can lead to serious personal injuries, severe disfigurement, and even wrongful death.  When this happens in Minneapolis, St. Paul, Rochester, Duluth, or any other city, please call Kuhlman Law, LLC by dialing (612) 444-3374 to learn what your rights to compensation you may have.  You may also contact us using our easy and convenient “contact us” box at the bottom of our website. Initial consultations and appointments are free.  If we accept your case, we will conduct a thorough review of your case and advise you whether there may have been a serious medical mistake causing your injury.  There is no risk, and you do not owe us money unless we win your case.


We also handle cases throughout the state including Bend and Portland Oregon, Redmond, Central Oregon, Multnomah County, Deschutes County, Salem, Eugene, Corvallis, Lane County, Medford, Gresham, Albany, Medford, Beaverton, Umatilla, Pendleton, and Hillsboro.  Our Oregon office number is (541) 385-1999.  

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