Types of Brachial Plexus Injuries: Portland Oregon Medical Malpractice Lawyers

Portland Oregon Medical Malpractice Lawyer Explains the Different Types of Brachial Plexus Injuries


Understanding a brachial plexus injury caused by Portland medical malpractice requires an understanding of the anatomy of the human nervous system.  This is a rudimentary breakdown that will help you.  The most basis part that we all know is that our brain processes information and makes or helps us make decisions on that information.  This includes signals of pain, sensation, pressure, moisture, and even movement.  The spinal cord is the major message highway, taking signals from the rest of the body to the brain for processing, and back out.  Our brain and spinal cord make up our central nervous system.  But more relays are needed to send the messages to our extremities and other parts of our body.  This is where nerves branch off of the spinal cord and out the spine to various parts of the body.  They reach all the way to the fingertips and tips of your toes.  This is known as the peripheral nervous system, and it send messages from the far outstretches of your body, to your spinal cord, to your brain, and back out.  This can allow you to sense pain or move an extremity.


That is a general description of the human nervous system.  Now if there was damage to any part of that system, it can result in signals not being sent or being mis-sent.  One type of injury that could do this is a brachial plexus injury.  This is the group of nerves coming from the cervical spine (neck) and extending to the arm, hand, and fingers.  When these nerves are injured or damage, sensation may be lost anywhere and everywhere down the arms.  The ability to move the hand, arm, or fingers may also be impaired.  


There are many causes of brachial plexus injuries.  In adults, the most common is a motor vehicle accident.  In babies, the most common is Portland medical malpractice.  This can be when the baby is yanked, pulled, or otherwise removed from the birth canal by an aggressive or negligent physician.


Types of Brachial Plexus Injuries


There are generally four types of brachial plexus injuries.  Depending on what nerves are effected they can be categorized as Narakis, Klumpke Palsy, and Erb’s Palsy.  There are five nerves that can be injured including the C5, C6, C7, C8 and T1.  Below is a list of the types of injuries that can occur to the nerves.  Multiple nerves can be injured depending on the degree of force used, length of force and whether the baby’s head was twisted or turned.  


Neuropraxia – This is the least severe type and is where the nerves are stretched but not torn and no other pathology occurs.


Neuroma – This is a mild type of injury and is where the nerve gets stretched and scar tissue forms around the stretch areas and repairs the damage.  This can still have some side affects like pain or discomfort.  Most totally resolve by itself.


Rupture – A rupture occurs when part of the nerve is torn through.  This usually does not heal itself, but it can.  Surgery may be helpful in certain instances.  Usually there is some long-lasting effect, but sometimes a good recovery can be had.


Avulsion – This is the most severe type of brachial plexus injury and is where the root of the nerve is completely pulled from the spinal cord.  This never heals without surgical intervention, and even surgery is not always effective.


Does Your Baby Have a Brachial Plexus Injury?  Call Our Portland Medical Malpractice Lawyer to Review for FREE


Brachial plexus injuries in babies usually do not occur in the absence of negligence.  This means that negligent healthcare providers are the commonly the cause of a baby’s injury.  Call our Portland medical malpractice lawyer to learn what your rights to compensation may be.  We handle cases throughout Oregon, including anywhere in Central Oregon, Deschutes County, Salem, Portland, Vancouver Washington, Oregon City, Beaverton, Lake Oswego, Albany, Corvallis, Eugene, Gresham, Hillsboro, Medford, and any other city, including Bend, Oregon where our main law office is located, please call Kuhlman Law, LLC by dialing (541) 385-1999 to learn what your rights to compensation you may have.  You may also contact us using our easy and convenient “contact us” box at the bottom of our website.  If we accept your case, we will conduct a thorough investigation to get you the answers you deserve, all for free.  There is no risk, and you only pay us if we recover compensation for you.

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